Glossary of Common & Latin Names

A

Angel’s Fishing Rods – Dierama
Angel’s Trumpets – Datura
Apple – Malus
Auricula – Primula auricula
Avens – Geum

 

B

Baby’s Breath - Gypsophila
Banana - Musa
Bath Asparagus - Ornithogalum pyrenaicum
Bear’s Breeches - Acanthus
Bear’s Ears – old name for auricula
Beech – Fagus sylvatica
Bergamot - Monarda [also refers to Bitter Orange, Citrus bergamia]
Bilberry – Blueberry, Whorts – Vaccinium myrtillus
Bindweed - Calystegia sepium [hedge] Convolvulus arvensis [field]
Black Cohosh - Cimicifuga racemosa
Blackberry – Rubus fruticosus
Black-Eyed Susan – Thunbergia alata
Blackthorn – Prunus spinosa
Blanket Flower - Gaillardia aristata
Bleeding Hearts – Dicentra spectabilis
Bluebell - Hyacinthoides non-scripta [Campanula rotundifolia in Scotland]
Blue Eyes – Veronica persica [Speedwell]
Blue Poppy - Meconopsis [also Himalayan Poppy]
Bottlebrush – Callistemon
Box - Buxus
Broom - Cytisus scoparius
Bugbane – Cimicifuga
Burdock – Arctium
Busy Lizzie - Impatiens
Butterbur - Petasites hybridus
Buttercup - Ranunculus acris [meadow]
Butterwort - Pinguicula vulgaris
Butterfly Bush – Buddleja [named for the Rev Buddle]
Butterfly Orchid – Platanthera chlorantha [Greater], Platanthera bifolia [Lesser] Nattfiol [Norway].

 

C

Californian Lilac - Ceanothus
Californian Poppy - Eschscholzia
Calla Lilies - Zantedeschia
Canary Creeper – Tropaeolum peregrinum
Canterbury Bells – Campanula medium
Cast Iron Plant – Aspidistra
Celandine – Ranunculus ficaria
Century Plant – Agave
Cherry – Prunus

Cherry Pie - Heliotropium
Chestnut – Aesculus hippocastanum [Horse], Castanea sativa [Sweet]

Chinese Chives - Allium tuberosum

Chives – Allium schoenoprasum
Chocolate Cosmos – Cosmos atrosanguineus
Cloudberry – Rubus chamaemorus Molte [Norway]
Clover – Trifolium pratense [red] Trifolium repens [white]
Christmas Box - Sarcococca
Coleus - Solenostemon
Coltsfoot – Tussilago farfara
Columbine - Aquilegia
Common Spotted Orchid – Dactylorhiza fuchsii
Coneflower – Echinacea
Cornflower - Centaurea cyanus
Cow Parsley – Anthriscus sylvestris
Cowslip – Primula veris
Crab Apple - Malus sylvestris [wild]
Cuckoo Flower – Cardamine pratensis [also: Milk Maids]

 

D

Daffodil – Narcissus
Daisy - Bellis perennis, Shasta Daisy = Leucanthemum maximum [also see Ox-Eye Daisy]
Dame’s Violet – Hesperis matronalis
Day Lily - Hemerocallis
Dock – Rumex
Dutchman’s Breeches – Dicentra cucullaria
Dutchman’s Pipe – Aristolochia elegans

 

E

Elder - Sambucus nigra
Evening Primrose – Oenothera
Eyebright – Euphrasia rostkoviana

 

F

Fennel – Foeniculum
Fireweed - Epilobium
Fleabane – Pulicaria dysenterica
Forgetmenot - Myosotis
Four o’clock Flower – Mirabilis jalapa
Foxglove - Digitalis

 

G

Geranium - often used to refer to Pelargonium [link goes to true geraniums]
Glastonbury Thorn – Crataegus monogyna ‘Biflora’ [twice flowering]
Golden Rod – Solidago
Goose Grass - Galium aparine [also Cleavers]
Gorse - Ulex europaeus
Granny’s Bonnets – Aquilegia
Grape – Vitis

 

H

Hart’s Tongue Fern - Asplenium scolopendrium
Hattie’s Pincushion - Astrantia
Hawkweed - Heiracium auranticum
Hawthorn - Crataegus monogyna, Midland Hawthorn = C.laevigata
Hazel – Corylus avellana
Heartsease - Viola tricolor
Heather - Calluna vulgaris, Bell Heather = Erica cinerea
Herb Robert - Geranium robertianum
Himalayan Balsam – Impatiens glandulifera
Holly – Ilex aquifolium
Honeysuckle – Lonicera
Honeywort - Cerinthe
Hop – Humulus lupulus
Hornbeam – Carpinus betulus
Horse Chestnut - Aesculus hippocastanum [Conker Tree]
Hot Water Plant – Achimenes
House Leek – Sempervivum

 

I

Ivy – Hedera helix

 

J

Jack-in-the-Pulpit – Arum maculatum
Jacob’s Ladder - Polemonium caeruleum
Japanese Knotweed - Fallopia japonica
Johnny Jump-up – Viola tricolor

 

K

Kangaroo Apple - Solanum laciniatum [also Poroporo NZ]
Kingcup – Caltha palustris [also Marsh Marigold]
Knapweed – Centaurea scabiosa
Kudzu Vine – Pueraria lobata

 

L

Lady-in-the-Bath - Dicentra spectabilis [also Lady-in-a-Chaise]
Lady’s Bedstraw – Galium verum
Lady’s Mantle – Alchemilla mollis
Lamb’s Ears – Stachys byzantina [also Lamb's Tongues]
Lemon Verbena – Aloysia triphylla [was Lippia citriodora]
Lilac – Syringa
Lily of the Valley - Convallaria
Lime – Tilia or Citrus aurantiifolia
Lipstick Plant - Alcalypha or Aeschynanthus
London Pride – Saxifraga x urbium
Lords and Ladies – Arum maculatum
Lovage – Levisticum
Love Lies Bleeding – Amaranthus

 

M

Malus – Apple including Crab Apple cultivars
Marigold - Tagetes [French Marigold] or Calendula [Pot Marigold]
May Tree – Crataegus monogyna [Midland Hawthorn C. laevigata]
Meadow Cranesbill - Geranium pratense
Mentha – Mint
Mignonette – Reseda odorata [odorata - scented]
Mile-a-Minute Vine – Fallopia baldschuanica
Mimosa – Acacia or specifically Mimosa pudica
Mint – Mentha
Mistletoe – Viscum album
Mock Orange – Philadelphus or Choisya
Monkshood - Aconitum napellus
Montbretia – Crocosmia
Moonflower – Ipomea alba
Morelle de Balbis – Solanum sisymbrifolium
Morning Glory – Ipomea
Motherwort - Leonurus cardiaca
Mugwort - Artemisia vulgaris
Myrtle – Myrtus communis

 

N

Nasturtium - Tropaeolum
Nettle – Urtica dioica
New Zealand Sedge – Carex
Night Scented Stock – Matthiola bicornis
Nile Lilies – Agapanthus [or African Lilies]
Nodding Lady’s Tresses – Spiranthes cernua odorata

 

O

Oak – Quercus robur
Old Man’s Beard – Clematis vitalba
Ox-Eye Daisy – Leucanthemum vulgare

 

P

Parsley – Petroselinum crispum
Passion Flower – Passiflora
Pennyroyal – Mentha pulegium
Pennywort – Hydrocotyle vulgaris
Perennial Stock – Matthiola incana
Periwinkle – Vinca
Pansy – Viola
Pignut – Conopodium majus
Pineapple Plant – Eucomis [real pineapple - Ananas]
Pinks – Dianthus
Poached Egg Plant – Limnanthes douglasii
Pokeweed – Phytolacca
Poppy – Papaver
Primrose – Primula vulgaris
Purple Coneflower – Echinacea

 

Q

Quince – Cydonia oblonga the ‘true’ quince [Japanese Quince - Chaenomeles speciosa]

 

R

Rosebay Willowherb – Epilobium angustifolium [also known as Fireweed]
Red Hot Poker – Kniphofia
Rock Rose – Helianthemum

 

S

St John’s Wort - Hypericum
Sage - Salvia
Scotch Flame Flower – Tropaeolum speciosum
Scots Pine – Pinus sylvestris
Simpler’s Joy – Verbena officinalis
Sloe – Prunus spinosa
Snapdragon – Antirrhinum
Sneezeweed – Helenium
Snowdrop – Galanthus
Snow-in-Summer – Cerastium tomentosum
Soapwort – Saponaria officinalis [also Bouncing Bet]
Sorrel – Oxalis acetosella [Wood Sorrel], Rumex
Spanish Flag – Mina lobata
Speedwell – Veronica
Sticky Catchfly – Lychnis viscaria [viscaria = sticky]
Stinking Iris – Iris foetidissima [foetid=smelly] Gladdon Iris
Stitchwort – Stellaria holostea [Greater]
Sundew – Drosera
Sunflower – Helianthus [helios = sun] perennial and annual
Sweet Cicely – Myrrhis odorata [odorata = scented]
Sweet Pea – Lathyrus
Sweet Sultan - Centaurea moschata
Sweet William – Dianthus barbatus

 

T

Tarragon – Artemisia dracunculus
Teasel - Dipsacus fullonum
Tea Bush - Camellia sinensis
Tea Tree – Melaleuca alternifolia
Thrift – Armeria maritima
Tiger Lily – Lilium lancifolium [was tigrinum]
Toadflax - Linaria vulgaris
Tobacco Plant – Nicotiana
Tomato – Lycopersicon
Traveller’s Joy – Clematis vitalba
Tuberose – Polianthes tuberose

 

V

Violet – Viola odorata
Virginia Creeper - Parthenocissus quinquefolia

 

W

Wallflower – Erysimum
Weeping Buddleja - Rostrinucula dependens
Welsh Poppy - Meconopsis cambrica
Wild Carrot – Daucus carota
Wild Garlic - Allium ursinum [also known as Ramsons]
Willow – Salix
Winter Heliotrope – Petasites fragrans
Wood Anenome - Anemone nemorosa
Woodbine – Lonicera periclymenum
Woodruff – Galium odoratum [odoratum = scented]
Wormwood – Artemisia absinthium

 

Y

Yarrow – Achillea
Yew – Taxus baccata